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Every year the shops surprise customers with more and more unusual vegetables and fruits. Although there is nothing to be surprised at - not so long ago the most ordinary banana was a curiosity for most of our compatriots.
Today, hybrids reign on store shelves, which appeared as a result of interspecific crossing of plants, and not due to genetic manipulation of them. No one is surprised by nectarines and miniols, many people think that they have always been on sale.
But the assortment of stores is far from limited to just these two fruits. We were able to select 10 of the most curious fruits and vegetables, which today, thanks to the miracle of selection, have become possible to buy and taste.
Yellow watermelon. Energy value 38 kcal. This unusual product contains useful vitamins A and C. Outwardly, it is no different from an ordinary watermelon, the same striped. But inside the hybrid is bright yellow. But the differences lie not only in the unusual color of the pulp, there are much fewer seeds than usual. In order to create such a watermelon, they crossed its wild variety (which is just yellow, although it tastes unpleasant) with the usual one. The new hybrid is just as tender and juicy, but not as sweet as red. Now round yellow watermelons are grown in summer in Spain, and oval in winter in Thailand. In this country, by the way, the yellow watermelon is especially revered, because local beliefs say that this color attracts money. Yellow watermelons are also grown in Russia, in Astrakhan. The development of a new variety was carried out at the All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable and Melon Growing about ten years ago. As a result, a new variety was born - "Lunny". Its advantage is its high sweetness, unlike foreign ones. The exotic flavor is reminiscent of either pumpkin or mango. Experiments on the breeding of yellow watermelon have been underway in several countries for quite some time. Ukrainian scientists have failed to achieve the success of their Russian neighbors. As a result of crossing, a hybrid "kavbuz" was obtained, which from the original watermelon has only aroma, and all other properties were adopted from pumpkin. This hybrid is well suited for cooking porridge.
Purple potatoes. The energy value of potatoes is 72 kcal, and it is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, as well as iron, zinc, potassium and magnesium. Don't know where to find it? Head to Sainsbury's English online store. Today potatoes with yellow, pink and even purple skin are common, but have you seen purple tubers inside? We owe their appearance to scientists from the University of Colorado, who for a long time "conjured" over potatoes from the Andes highlands to obtain the original purple color. The potato acquired such a rich hue due to its high content of anthocyanins. They have antioxidant properties that do not disappear even after cooking. The most popular variety is "Violet Majesty", it has been sold in England for about a year. The climate of Scotland is best suited for growing such a hybrid. The famous English cook Jamie Oliver, who is not afraid of experimenting with food, popularized an unusual variety in the country. He managed to teach how to cook an original purple puree, potatoes also look harmoniously baked in a company with other vegetables, and the "fries" option looks very attractive. But the taste of purple fruits is no different from ordinary ones.
Romanesco cabbage. Energy value is only 25 kcal. The composition contains carotene, mineral salts, vitamin C and zinc. A vegetable can be mistaken for some kind of extraterrestrial plant. Nevertheless, it is a close relative of the broccoli and cauliflower we are used to. Only pale green inflorescences are not rounded, but conical, located on the head of cabbage in a spiral. This form of cabbage has given rise to many jokes. They say that the head of Romanesco was not bred by scientists in Italy, but only fell out of a flying saucer there. The real story of the hybrid is pretty commonplace. Romanesco cabbage has been on sale 10 years ago. It was popularized by Dutch breeders who were able to improve this vegetable familiar to Italian housewives since the 16th century. Romanesco differs in that it contains a lot of useful substances, but there is little fiber. This gives good digestibility. And parents like such cabbage, it is much easier for a child to make it eat - a characteristic smell that children do not like does not arise. And kids will certainly be seduced by an unusual, cosmic look of a vegetable. Cooking Romanesco is not so difficult, it can be stewed, boiled and added to salads or pasta like ordinary broccoli. Curiously, this unusual vegetable is associated not only with cooking, but also with mathematics. Scientists believe that the example of Romanesco can easily explain what a fractal looks like.
Pluot. Energy value is 57 kcal. Pluot is rich in fiber and vitamin C. You can buy this fruit at the end of summer. The name of this hybrid of apricot and plum was born from the addition of two parts of the English words "plum" (plum) and "apricot" (apricot). Outwardly, the pluot looks more like a plum, by the way, it has a sibling - aprium, which is more like an apricot. If the outside of the pluot can be green, pink or purple, then inside the shades change from white to rich plum. Created a hybrid back in 1989 in the California nursery "Dave Wilson Nursery". At first, seedlings of ordinary fruit trees were grown there for sale, and then they managed to establish the production of their own varieties. As a result, eleven varieties of pluot have already been created in the world, two varieties of aprium and one variety of nectaplam, a hybrid of nectarine and plum. There is also the Peachplum variety, a peach-plum hybrid. It is believed that the pluot gives a very good and tasty juice, excellent desserts, homemade products and wine are obtained from that fruit. And fresh ploot is a real delicacy. After all, it is much sweeter than both plums and apricots.
Watermelon radish. The energy value of such a product is 20 kcal, and it is valuable for the content of vitamin C and folic acid. You can buy seeds at farmers' markets in England and America, as well as on Amazon.com. The watermelon radish looks like it’s turned inside out. It is crimson inside, not outside. On top of the hybrid is a white-green skin, which makes it look like a watermelon. Its shape and size, such a radish resembles a small turnip or a radish, the diameter is usually 7-8 centimeters. Radish is sweetish only closer to the middle, but outside, like ordinary radish, it is bitter. It is also worth noting that it is not as juicy and crunchy as the traditional variety, and is much harder. Watermelon radish is good for baking and making mashed potatoes from it, it is added to vegetables when frying or in a salad. Sprinkling watermelon radish slices with black sesame seeds or black salt will make them look very effective. This was understood in California, having created such a hit in their restaurants. Buyers are looking for bunches of the best watermelon radish at farmers' markets. And it is not difficult to grow such a vegetable in the country even in our climate.
Yoshta. The energy value of such a product is 40 kcal, and it contains vitamins C and P, anthocyanins, which have antioxidant properties. You can buy yoshta at farmers' markets in Europe, America and Russia and in some specialized online stores. To name this unique fruit of the union of currants and gooseberries, two German words have been combined - johannisbeere (currant) and stachelbeere (gooseberry). As a result, yoshta berries are black, and their size is comparable to that of a cherry. The taste of the hybrid is viscous and sweet and sour, while there is a currant flavor. The idea of combining gooseberries with currants, and even without thorns, has been hovering for a long time, Michurin dreamed about it. He even managed to develop his own kind of dark purple gooseberry called "Moor black". In parallel with our scientist, Paul Lorenz worked on the creation of a hybrid in Germany. By the beginning of World War II, he managed to grow 1000 seedlings, but further selection was prevented by the fighting. Only in 1970, the German scientist Rudolf Bauer was able to create a complete and perfect hybrid. Today two varieties of yoshta have been created. "Black" has brown-burgundy berries, and "Red" has a faded red. During the season, one yoshta bush gives from 7 to 10 kilograms of berries, which are used in desserts and homemade preparations. There is even a soda with the aroma of these berries. Yoshtu is recommended to be used for gastrointestinal diseases, as well as for improving blood circulation and removing heavy metals and radioactive substances from the body. It is quite difficult to find yoshta on the shelves of our stores; you can buy it only at farmers' markets. But the cheapest option would be to grow an unusual bush in your own dacha.
Broccolini. The energy value of such a hybrid is 43 kcal. It contains vitamins A, C, iron, calcium, fiber and folic acid. There are many relatives in the row of cabbage - Brussels and Savoy, broccoli and kohlrabi. Broccolini has been added recently. It was obtained by crossing ordinary broccoli and gailan vegetable, also called Chinese broccoli. As a result, the new plant looks like an asparagus with a broccoli head on top of its head. Broccolini does not have the usual sharp cabbage smell, it is slightly sweet, but there are also notes of pepper. The taste of such a cabbage is delicate, it resembles both asparagus and broccoli. Although the new vegetable contains many nutrients, it is low in calories. Broccolini has become a common side dish in the United States, Spain, Brazil and Asian countries. This cabbage is usually lightly fried in oil or served fresh with butter. Broccolini blends harmoniously with oriental and Italian dishes. For the real fans of broccolini, there are often interesting vacancies. So, there was an offer to work on a farm in the Australian Stanthorpe. The employer offered $ 17 for weeding, collecting, and bandaging broccoli into bouquets for an hour.
Nashi. Its energy value is 46 kcal, and in addition to fiber and antioxidants, it also contains phosphorus and calcium. Nashi is a hybrid of pear and apple. It has been cultivated in Asia for many centuries. That is why neshi is called Asian, water, sand or Japanese pear. The round-looking apple has a juicy and crunchy pear flavor. The fruit can have a variety of colors, ranging from pale green to orange. At the same time, the hybrid has advantages over a conventional pear - it is harder, therefore transportation and storage are facilitated. Usually, neshes are used in salads, as the fruits contain a lot of water. But for a thermal reason, for the same reason, they are not very good. Neshi is also an excellent appetizer for wine, along with cheese and grapes. Today, many varieties of this hybrid have been created in the world, 10 of them are popular and commercially successful. These varieties are grown in the USA and Australia, New Zealand and Chile, France and Cyprus.
Yuzu. Its energy value is 30 kcal, the high content of vitamin C is especially highlighted. Yuzu is often called the Japanese lemon. This hybrid combines tangerine and ornamental citrus from Ichang papeda. The fruit is yellow or green in color, the size of a tangerine and bumpy skin. At the same time, yuzu has a sour taste, but a very bright aroma. The Japanese have been using this hybrid since the 7th century. It was then that Buddhist monks brought him from the mainland to the island. Yuzu is successfully used in Korean and Chinese cooking. The main use of the fruit is perfume. Yuzu has an amazing citrus aroma, with notes of pine needles and shades of flowers. And the zest of this fruit is generally considered one of the most popular seasonings in Japan. It is used in both meat dishes and fish dishes, added to noodles and miso soup. This zest is the basis for the production of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, syrups, jams and desserts. Yuzu juice is aromatic and sour, but not as straightforward as that of lemon. It is used as a vinegar and also as an important part of the popular ponzu sauce. But the use of the fruit is not limited to cooking alone. He participates in the Japanese Winter Solstice Festival held on December 22nd. During it, it is customary to make baths with yuzu fruits, in which both children and adults bathe. The fruit itself symbolizes just the sun. Being in hot water, the fruit begins to smell even stronger, according to legends, this allows you to drive away evil forces. The sign says that after taking a bath with yuzu, a person will not have a cold for a whole year, especially if, after the end of water procedures, they also eat pumpkin, which also symbolizes the sun. The belief in the magical power of yuzu is so great that even pets are dipped into the bath, and the remaining water is used for watering plants.
Yellow beets. The value of such a product is 50 kcal, it contains folic acid, potassium, fiber and vitamin A. Yellow, it is also called gold, beets are unlikely to gain recognition in the domestic market. Is it possible to imagine a yellow borscht, beetroot soup, vinaigrette or herring under a yellow fur coat? These are only Americans who do not understand us, they adore yellow beets. After all, it has an important advantage - it does not get dirty during cooking. The taste of a vegetable is no different from what we are used to. It is still the same sweet and aromatic, and goes well with almost any product - from cheese and smoked meats to citrus fruits. This beet is good baked, even chips are made with it. The leaves of this yellow hybrid can also be used for food - fresh in salads.