The most famous unfinished works of art

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Every famous author reserves not only the heights of art, known to the whole world, but also a number of unfinished works. For some, the reason for the unfinished masterpiece was the war, for others - the banal lack of money, it could be political unrest, or it could be death. It often turns out that even unfinished works of geniuses that "pop up" after a while are considered masterpieces, an object of interest for fans. Let's talk about the most famous unfinished works of art.

"Requiem" by Mozart. A mysterious and mystical story is associated with the writing of this work. Shortly before the composer's death in 1791, a mysterious stranger came to him, who instructed Wolfgang Amadeus to write a work that could be performed at the funeral of the visitor's wife. Many believe that at that time Mozart was already sick with an unknown disease, he took up work, but wrote music for his own funeral. Death overtook the composer before he finished his work, and his student, Franz Süssmeier, finished the work. The finished work was handed over to a mysterious customer, who turned out to be Franz von Walseg. This man was very eccentric and became famous for making arrangements of famous works, passing them off as his own works. As a result, only Mozart's wife, Constanta, was able to identify in the work part of what her husband wrote. However, it is still unknown what exactly from the Requiem was written by Mozart, and what was added later or completely changed. This story, like the circumstances of Mozart's illness and death, is filled with rumors and myths.

Statue of Leonardo Da Vinci "Gran Cavallo". The great creator undertook various projects, but often also quickly cooled to them. That is why it is believed that Da Vinci left behind a lot of unfinished works. But his most famous unfinished work was not the fault of the creator, but the fault of circumstances. By order of the Duke of Milan, da Vinci was supposed to build a grandiose statue of a horse and rider, in honor of the aristocrat's father. Leonardo worked on the statue for twelve years, in 1492 he unveiled a 7-meter clay model "Gran Cavallo", even then many considered this work one of the most perfect works of art. However, the shape of the horse did not have time to be cast in bronze, and a war broke out between Italy and France. The Duke donated 200,000 pounds of metal intended for the monument to military purposes. The statue remained unfinished. The French soon took over Milan, forcing Da Vinci and the Duke to flee. The clay model was used as a target for shooting by soldiers, got a crack and collapsed under the influence of the weather. But in 1999, according to Da Vinci's drawings, the bronze horse was still cast and installed in Milan.

The expiatory "Cathedral of the Sagrada Familia" by Gaudí. This architectural project is one of the oldest in modern history. This Roman Catholic cathedral is famous in Barcelona for its unique design, and its construction began back in 1882. The eccentric building was designed by the famous architect Antoni Gaudi. The creator worked on this project for forty years, and for the last fifteen years of his life he left other projects altogether. But even before the end of construction, in 1926, Gaudí died. The project was continued by Gaudí's assistants, but the Spanish Civil War that broke out soon prevented the completion of the construction. Moreover, in 1936 there was a fire that destroyed many of the drawings and models of the future cathedral in Gaudi's workshop. After the restoration of some of the materials, construction was continued in 1952. It was then that the staircase was completed, the facade lighting was made, which has become permanent since 1964. Today the Cathedral of the Sagrada Familia is one of the main tourist attractions in Barcelona. Despite the gradual completion of work on the elements of the cathedral, the date of final completion is constantly shifting.

"Portrait of George Washington" by Gilbert Stewart. This portrait could be observed by everyone, because its fragment is located on the one US dollar bill. The author of the picture is Gilbert Stuart, who became famous in his time for portraits of a number of presidents and kings. However, his most famous work remained unfinished. And it was done on purpose! The artist thus made it easier for himself to create copies of the portrait, selling them later for $ 100. It is said that Stewart subsequently made about a hundred reproductions before he could finish the original before his death in 1828. This behavior of the painter greatly annoyed Washington, who even once visited Stewart's studio with a demand to destroy this portrait. However, the artist created several other less famous portraits of the president.

The Other Side of the Wind by Orson Welles. Orson Welles was a film director, screenwriter, and actor. At one time, his films were quite inventive in technical aspects. And the film "Citizen Kane" in 2000 was recognized by the American Film Institute as the best film in the country of all time. In 1967, Wells began filming The Depth, but the death of key actor Lawrence Harley stopped work on the film long before the end of filming. The next project was to be the film "The Other Side of the Wind", the script for which was written in the late 60s. In 1972, Wells announced that the film was 96% complete, but the project was never completed, and the premiere did not take place. The surviving materials of "Depths" were later edited and demonstrated by the Munich Film Museum, but "The Other Side of the Wind" never came out, although several attempts were made to make the film appear on the screen.

Poem "Kubla Khan" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Samuel Taylor Coleridge was an English philosopher, romantic poet and critic of the famous "lake school". In 1797, while living on a rural farm, Coleridge began writing Kubla Khan. This period is associated with the poet's use of opium, according to legend, the author read a book about the Far East and fell asleep, dreaming about the future plot of the book. Waking up, under the influence of opium intoxication, Coleridge sketched the first 50 lines of the poem, but a completely extraneous matter distracted him from writing. Coleridge was away for only an hour, and on his return found that the vision of the epic poem had faded in his memory. Attempts later to return to this work did not lead to anything, the poet soon became completely disappointed and abandoned attempts to further write "Kubla Khan". So this poem remained the most famous unfinished work.

The novel "The Mystery of Edwin Drood" by Charles Dickens. Dickens is rightfully considered a classic of world literature, being one of the most famous prose writers of the 19th century. The novel was to be published in twelve monthly issues of the Round Year magazine. Earlier, the writer was accused of the fact that his plots are uncomplicated, so Dickens decided to create a novel in which no one can predict the course of events. However, by the time of Dickens' death on June 9, 1870, only three parts had been published, critics noted the high skill of the new work. However, the final idea of ​​the work and the plot line remained unknown, and the heated debates of literary critics still do not cease to exist. Many authors tried to finish the book, but the most interesting is the story associated with Thomas James. This typographer claimed that the sequel to the book was obtained by him due to the connection with the other world, and the text dictated the spirit of Charles Dickens. Interestingly, James's version was very stylistically similar to Dickens's earlier works, and over time this version of the book began to circulate as the final version.

Jimi Hendrix's album "The first rays of the rising sun". In 2009 by Time Magazine Hendrix was hailed as the greatest guitarist of all time. In the history of rock, this musician became famous as a legendary singer and composer, being also one of the most inventive and daring virtuosos. In the late 60s of the 20th century, Jimi recorded three albums that confirmed him in this capacity. After leaving his band under the influence of numerous scandals and litigations, Hendrix begins work on the ambitious album "First Rays of the Rising Sun". However, even before his recording, Hendrix died of an overdose of sleeping pills. Immediately after the death of the musician, a long-term litigation began for the rights to his work between producer Jimi and his family. A shortened version of the album was released in 1997, but it was mentioned that these recordings claim to be as close to the original concept as possible.

Palace of the Soviets. This grandiose architectural structure was supposed to mark the victory of communism in our country, it was assumed that the palace would become the center of "New" Moscow. The building was supposed to be the tallest in the world, it was intended for administrative organizations, congresses, celebrations. The 420-meter palace was supposed to be crowned with a grandiose statue of Lenin. A nationwide competition was held, during which 272 projects were considered, the project of Boris Iofan won. The construction of the palace began in 1937, for this earlier, in 1931, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was demolished. Before the start of World War II, the foundation of the building and a huge steel frame were erected. However, the beginning of the war stopped construction, the steel frame was dismantled and used for the construction of fortifications and bridges. After the end of the war, interest in the project disappeared, the metro station "Palace of Soviets" was renamed into "Kropotkinskaya", a new Palace of Congresses was built in 1961 on the territory of the Kremlin, and an outdoor pool "Moskva" was built on the site of the pit. In 1994-1999, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was rebuilt in its original place using the old foundation.

Bruce Lee's film "The Game of Death". Bruce Lee is a legendary film actor who starred in Hong Kong and American films, a master of martial arts. He also wrote, produced and directed some of his films. Bruce Lee did not leave his training, constantly improving his skills in kung fu. The actor strove to bring something new into the existing fighting techniques, even developing his own style of Jeet Kune Do. Bruce Lee gained worldwide fame in the seventies, in 1972 he began acting in the film "Game of Death". However, the work on the film was not completed, as the headache pill taken by the actor caused cerebral edema due to the hypersensitive reaction of the body. Five years later, the film was filmed and edited with the help of stunt doubles, while the original film with the script was discovered later, much different from the version of the producers. Nevertheless, "Game of Death" was a huge success, reviving interest in oriental martial arts.

His last film was shot with stunt doubles 5 years later, was a huge success and sparked a new wave of interest in kung fu and oriental martial arts. But for fans of Bruce Lee's talent, the film remained unfinished. It is noteworthy that Bruce's son, Brandon Lee, largely repeated the fate of his father. During the filming of The Raven, the actor was mortally wounded in an accident. "The Raven" was completed without Brandon, the film was a great success.

Watch the video: 6 Hours Mozart for Studying, Concentration, Relaxation

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