The largest mosques



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The mosque is a Muslim architectural building for prayer. There are no images in the prayer hall; lines from the Koran are applied on the walls.

The word “mosque” itself literally means “place of worship”. The largest mosques in the world will be discussed below.

Forbidden Mosque, Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This building is the largest mosque in the world. It is also called the Mosque al-Haram, the Protected Mosque. The courtyard of this building houses the Kaaba, the main Muslim shrine. The first mosque was built on this site back in 638. The building has stood here in its modern form since 1570. The mosque is constantly being rebuilt. Now its area is 357 thousand square meters, 9 minarets have been built here, up to 95 meters high. In addition to 4 gates, there are 44 more entrances to the building. The last reconstruction was carried out in 2007-2012 by the decision of the King of Saudi Arabia Ibn Abdel Aziz Al Saud. Now the mosque will be able to accommodate more than 1.1 million people. And during the Hajj - up to 4 million! New premises have appeared, air conditioners are installed everywhere. The cost of all work was $ 10.6 billion. In 1979, the mosque was seized by terrorists; it was only possible to free it with the help of the French special services.

Prophet's Mosque, Medina, Saudi Arabia. The second largest mosque is also located in Saudi Arabia. It is also a sacred place. It was built during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, and the Islamic rulers gradually expanded and embellished it. It is here, under the Green Dome, that the Prophet's tomb is located. It is not known exactly when the mosque was built, but it is reported in documents dating back to the 12th century. It is generally accepted as such a date 622. The first two Muslim caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar, are also buried on the territory of the complex. It is believed that when Muhammad lived in Medina he took part in the construction of the mosque. The planning principle of that building became the basis for other mosques around the world. Today the mosque with an area of ​​400.5 thousand square meters can accommodate up to 600 thousand people, and during the Hajj - up to a million believers.

Mazar of Imam Reza, Mashhad, Iran. The whole architectural mausoleum complex is known under this name. In 818, Imam Reza was killed by the son of Harun al-Rashid and buried next to the tomb of Harun. This place was nicknamed Mashhad Al-Riza (Place of Reza's Martyrdom) and was revered by both Sunnis and Shiites. At this place, temples were built and destroyed. In its present form, the mosque appeared here at the beginning of the XIV century. In addition to the tomb of Imam Reza himself, there are burial places of others by the imam, a museum, a library, a mosque. The main part of the complex was built during the reign of the Timurids and Safavids. Today it is a center of pilgrimage and tourism in Iran, every year up to 20 million people come here. The total area of ​​the mausoleum is 331 thousand square meters, it can simultaneously accommodate up to 100 thousand people.

Taj ul Mosque, Bhopal, India. The name of this mosque is translated as "Crown of Mosques". The name is pretty eloquent. Indeed, Taj ul is the largest in the country. It was built in the 17th century by the ruler of Bhopal, Sultan Jagan Begum. His daughter continued the business, but did not have time. The mosque stood unfinished for a long time, until work was resumed in 1971. In 1985, the "Crown of Mosques" would have been finally completed. The building received a pink façade; there are two 18-storey and octagonal minarets. Above the mosque itself, there are three onion domes, a corridor with columns and a marble floor - here you can feel the influence of Mughal architecture. The covered area is 400 thousand square meters, and this mosque can accommodate 175 thousand believers at once.

Independence Mosque (Istiklal), Jakarta, Indonesia. After Indonesia gained sovereignty and seceded from Holland in 1949, the idea came up to build its own national mosque for the new state. Indeed, it is in Indonesia that there are more Muslims than in any other country in the world. In 1953, the mosque construction committee began its work. The authorities took this entire project under special control. The foundation stone of a new mosque was laid in 1961, and construction was completed in 1978 at a cost of $ 12 million. The mosque has become the largest in the region, it can simultaneously accommodate up to 120 thousand people. The dome has a diameter of 45 meters, the height of the only minaret is 96 meters.

Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco. This mosque is the largest in the country. The building is located on the very shore of the Atlantic Ocean, which is visible from the main hall. Up to 25 thousand believers can stay in it at the same time, another 80 thousand can pray on the square adjacent to the mosque. There is only one minaret here, its height is 210 meters. The designer of this project was the French architect Michel Pinceau, construction was carried out from 1986 to 1993. The minaret was erected by 2,500 builders and 10,000 designers. The complex cost 800 million dollars, the money was collected through donations. During the construction of the building, technical innovations were applied. So, the floor is heated, the roof can be moved apart, the complex is earthquake resistant. The mosque is one of the few such places where non-Muslims are allowed.

Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan. This mosque is also famous for its size. Here, on an area of ​​5,000 square meters, up to 300 thousand people can be accommodated. In 1966, the King of Saudi Arabia, while on a visit to Pakistan, proposed to build a large mosque here. An international competition was announced, in which the Turkish architect Vedat Dalokoy won. In 1976, construction began directly, sponsored by the government of Saudi Arabia. In total, the project cost $ 120 million at current prices. As a result, the structure, like the road to it, was named after King Faisal ibn Aziz al-Saud, who implemented this project and was killed in 1975. In 1986, the construction of the mosque was completed. Its area was used by the International Islamic University. In 1988, a mausoleum was erected nearby for General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, whose funeral was one of the most magnificent in the history of the country.

Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan. This mosque is the second largest in the country. It was built in 1673 during the Mughal Empire. There can be up to 55 thousand believers at the same time. It took two years to build the mosque, it is located opposite the Lahore fort on a platform, the path to which leads by stairs. The building is completely built of red sandstone. Four minarets are built in the four corners, each 54 meters high. Inside there is a place to store religious relics. Legends say that these items were brought by Emir Tamer after one of his campaigns in Asia. Visitors experience the simplicity and monumentality of this place. For a long time Lahore was under the rule of the Sikhs, and the building was used for military purposes. Only since 1856 it became possible to use the sacred place for religious purposes. Serious restoration work was carried out, the money for which was collected from donations from the townspeople.

Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Abu Dhabi, UAE. This mosque is the largest in the United Arab Emirates. It is named after Sheikh Zayed ibn Sultan al-Nahyan, who is the founder and first president of the country. He was buried nearby. The mosque was built from 2004 to 2007. It can accommodate up to 40 thousand believers at a time, 7 thousand of whom can get into the main prayer hall. Next to it are two rooms that can accommodate another fifteen hundred people. Both are exclusively for women. Minarets up to 107 meters high were built near the corners of the mosque. The outer row of the main building is decorated with 82 domes. They are made of white marble, they are also finished inside. The inner courtyard of 17400 m² is lined with colored marble. The mosque took part in several world records - the largest carpet in the world, with an area of ​​5627 m2, was spread here, and the main chandelier of the mosque, weighing 12 tons and 10 meters in diameter, was at one time the largest in the world. Now it is the largest of those present in mosques.

Cathedral Mosque, Delhi, India. This building was laid down under Shah Jahen, the builder of the Taj Mahal. The construction of the mosque was completed in 1656. The building was built by 5 thousand workers over the course of six years. At that time, the mosque cost a million rupees. Shah Jahan generally built several important mosques in Agra, Delhi, Lahore and Ajmer. The original name of the building is "the mosque commanding the presentation of the world." The complex can accommodate up to 25 thousand people. Many relics are kept here, the most famous of which is a copy of the Koran, written on the skin of a deer. On April 14, 2006, a terrorist attack took place in the Cathedral Mosque - two explosions thundered. Thirteen people were wounded then, but the building itself was not damaged.

Mosque "Holy House", Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Baitul Mukarram National Mosque was built in the 1960s. The complex was designed by the architect Abdul Hussein Tariani. This building is interesting for its architectural features. However, despite the innovations, the features traditional for such complexes remain. Interestingly, there are similarities with the main mosque of Muslims in the Kaaba. Only the architect used a more modern style. The mosque was built of light stone with black accents. Thanks to this, it looks especially impressive. Traditionally for Indian architecture, the approach to the building is through an artificial reservoir.

Muscat Cathedral Mosque (Sultan Qaboos Mosque), Oman. In 1992, the country's ruler, Sultan Qaboos, decided that the state should have its own Great Mosque. In 1993, a competition was announced, and two years later, construction began with funds from Qaboos. It lasted six years and four months. As a result, a beautiful cathedral mosque appeared, which received the name of its creator. It took 300 thousand tons of Indian sandstone to make it. The main prayer hall is made in the form of a square with sides of 74.4 meters. The central dome rises 50 meters here. The mosque is distinguished not only by the dome, but also by the main minaret 90 meters high. There are also four side minarets of 45.5 meters. The main prayer hall can accommodate up to 6,500 people, and there is also a special prayer hall for women. It can accommodate up to 750 people. Outside, up to 8 thousand people can pray. In total, the mosque can accommodate up to 20 thousand believers. Tourists can get inside on weekdays. A beautiful garden is laid out in front of the entrance to the mosque. Along the northern and southern sides of the complex, there are galleries 220 meters long. Each niche here is decorated with an ornament of some people or region. If the square in front of the mosque is made of marble, then there is a Persian carpet inside it. It weighs 21 tons and consists of 58 parts. It was woven by 600 craftswomen for 2.5 years.

Festive mosque "Id Kakh" (Etigart), Kashgar, China. And in China there was a place for a mosque. The holiday mosque is the largest in the country. It is located in the center of Kashgar city inhabited by Muslim Uyghurs. The area of ​​the mosque is 16.8 thousand square meters. Up to 20 thousand people can stay here at the same time. And the complex was built back in 1442, although the oldest sections date back to the 9th-10th centuries. During its history, the mosque has been rebuilt and expanded several times. The order to build a mosque on the site of an old Muslim cemetery was given by the local ruler Shakesimiridza. Believers got the opportunity to communicate here with the souls of deceased relatives. From the side of the main square, a large gate with a height of 12 meters and a couple of minarets are visible. The mosque is decorated with yellow tiles, which makes it welcoming. Surprisingly, Etigart is one of the few Chinese mosques not influenced by the local architecture. Just outside the gate is a huge, cool and shady courtyard where you can wash yourself before praying. From the courtyard you can go to 36 halls; the prayer hall attracts special attention. The ceiling is decorated with 140 carved wooden columns, it itself is painted with bright colors.

Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This national mosque was built in 1965. The main hall can accommodate up to 8 thousand people, a special occupancy here on Fridays. The complex consists of a star-shaped ribbed dome and a 73-meter high minaret. The dome has an 18th angle, which symbolizes the 5 pillars of Islam and the 13 states of the country. After the country gained independence from England, reforms were envisaged not only in the field of economics, but also in social policy and architecture. That is why it was decided to build a national mosque, which would become a symbol of the country's independence. The mosque got its name in gratitude for the peaceful acquisition of the country's sovereignty, without bloodshed. In 1987 the building underwent a major renovation. The roof, which was previously pink, is now green and blue thanks to the new tiles. Today, the mosque dominates the city skyline and embodies the modern Islamic style. Near it is the Heroes' Mausoleum, where some prominent political figures are buried.


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