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Height - 27 cm, weight - 460-480 g.
The whole body of the child is covered with a thin fluff - lanugo (literally "wool"). Usually lanugo completely disappears before childbirth, but some babies are born with the remains of a cannon on their ears, cheeks, and body.
In addition to lanugo, the child has almost real eyelashes and eyebrows, as well as quite adult nails. The kid is actively learning. And the first thing he studies is, of course, his own body. The child learns to bend and unbend the arms and legs, examines the fingers, plays with the umbilical cord, and feels the face.
Instead of the old tactile pads, soft tissue grows on the fingers. Sensitivity from this does not decrease at all, on the contrary, now the fingers become completely human.
The development of internal organs continues. The liver plays an important role in the system. The functions of the liver in the fetus and in the newborn are somewhat different. During intrauterine development, the liver is engaged in the formation of red blood cells; in the last stage of pregnancy, it is replaced by bone marrow cells. The liver is also involved in metabolic processes, but to a lesser extent than the adrenal glands.
Red blood cells, which contain special (fetal) hemoglobin, carry oxygen in the child's body until he begins to breathe on his own. The spent cells are converted to bilirubin and excreted through the placenta and the mother's blood. But as soon as the baby takes its first breaths, such red blood cells become completely unnecessary and are destroyed on a global scale.
The kid goes from bilirubin metabolism to his own. The load on the body in the first days after childbirth increases significantly. The liver urgently forms special enzymes that promote the removal of bilirubin from the body, but often it does not have time to cope with such a large volume.
Then the so-called "neonatal jaundice" is observed - the baby turns yellow as with real jaundice, however, unlike hepatitis, this is not a disease at all and in a week or two everything will work out on its own without medical intervention.
The liver will produce enough substances, bilirubin will be removed from the body, and the baby's skin will acquire its natural color. In premature babies, jaundice is more common and it is understandable why - the liver is not yet ready for a serious load. You need to be worried if, together with jaundice, an enlarged liver and spleen, colorless feces and dark urine are observed in a newborn, and bruises or bruises appear on the baby's body.
The average weight gain this week is about 6 kg. The height of the fundus of the uterus is 22 cm (2 cm above the navel). The tummy is already quite large, but you can still bend over, sit down as you like, walk for a long time without much difficulty.
In general, the condition of a woman at 6 months of pregnancy is close to our ideal conception of pregnancy. The baby shoves and pleases the mother, there is no toxicosis, there are no special emotional problems, there is no severity yet. Sheer pleasure!
Despite the fact that in the articles for the previous weeks of pregnancy we talked about many complications that a future mother may have, in fact, the vast majority of women manage to carry a baby without experiencing serious problems.
But just in case, let's repeat what symptoms you need to pay attention to:
- discharge of other fluid from the vagina (water leakage or infectious diseases);
- pain and pain in the abdomen, tense tone of the uterus;
- swelling of the hands, feet, face;
- temperature above 38.7 and chills;
- severe persistent vomiting;
- painful urination, back pain;
- dizziness, darkening in the eyes;
- severe and persistent headache;
- injury of any origin (fall, collision, impact);
- changes in fetal movements (too frequent or too rare) or their absence.
We are 90% sure that none of the above you have and will not have. But he who is forewarned is armed.
Since the mother's condition in her twenties is very, very stable, many married couples decide to use this time for vacation. Of course, we must seize the last opportunity, because after the birth of the child it will be much more difficult to go somewhere.
When choosing a trip, you need to make it as comfortable and convenient as possible. You should not go kayaking or rafting even along the calmest rivers, you should not go on a difficult sightseeing tour across Europe on a bus with night transfers. Your ideal vacation is a quiet hotel, the sea (or any other nature you like), high level service, proximity to medical centers (i.e. large cities).
Do not forget to take out special extended medical insurance for the duration of your trip, and not the usual travel insurance.
If you are flying by plane, try to be as comfortable as possible during the flight. At check-in, you should ask for a seat either in the head of the plane (there is less motion sickness), or at the partition between the cabins (there is more space, you can stretch your legs). If you can afford it, fly first class, there are much freer seats. During the flight, take a short walk down the aisle and stretch your legs.
Cruising can be one of the most ideal vacation options, especially if you've never suffered from motion sickness. A ship is a huge house where everything is there, but you don't have to go anywhere.
One has only to pay attention to the following points:
- the vessel must be large and new and equipped with anti-roll stabilizers;
- it is better to choose a cabin in the center, there is less pumping;
- the cruise should take place in calm waters (say, a quiet coastal sailing in the summer along the shores of the Mediterranean or the Baltic, or a river cruise along the great rivers - Yenisei, Volga, Danube, Rhine), during pregnancy it is completely unnecessary to meet all winds and storms.
Remember not to change the climatic conditions too dramatically during pregnancy. It is better to choose a place where you do not need to acclimatize too long.
Good comfortable shoes will help you out on any trip. Alas, one has to gradually forget about heels. Now ballet flats, slippers, pumps without heels made of soft, breathable material are relevant for you.
Holidays are a great way for spouses to spend more time with each other. Moreover, a woman, freed from the burdens of toxicosis, is experiencing a growing sexual desire. Many people say that in this period of pregnancy, their sensuality is extremely aggravated, some even experience their first orgasm only when pregnant, and multi-orgasm can be observed. This is because blood flow increases and the sensitivity of the erogenous zones increases.
But men during this period, on the contrary, become somewhat constrained. It is difficult for them to get used to the fact that now there is a child inside the woman. Since many dads have even seen their baby on the monitor during an ultrasound scan (week 20), now for them the wife's pregnancy is becoming beyond doubt.
Previously, of course, they knew about her pregnancy, but somehow detached - after all, the tummy had not grown very much, and there were no first "photographs" of the baby. Now everything is different, and many fathers are subconsciously confused by the thought that now "there" someone else is. There are also fears that sex will harm the baby.
The answer of doctors is always unambiguous: with a normal pregnancy, sex never hurts. Check out the recommendations for week 14 for those rare conditions where sex is contraindicated. If you do not observe anything like this, then you should not worry. The child is well protected by the uterus and amniotic fluid, so it is impossible to damage him with normal intercourse. If you are still worried, then consult your doctor.
21 weeks - 22 weeks - 23 weeks